Awareness of Ohm’s Law is arguably the most important part of safely using a mechanical mod. Ohm’s Law looks at the relationship between power, voltage, current, and resistance. It’s based around the amp of the battery – this amp rating is the current of the battery, in other words the ability of the battery to release the energy stored within it. If the battery is pushed beyond its limit, the battery can vent, which means dangerous chemicals leak from the battery, with a risk of it exploding.
Firstly, check the resistance of your coil and work out the amps the coil will pull from the battery. You can do this by using this equation: Amps = Voltage / Resistance. Don’t be put off, it’s quite simple. Use a multimeter to find out the voltage of your battery, and the resistance of your coil (be sure to work within a ±0.2 ohm range). You can use an online tool such as steam engine to help with this. The result should never exceed the amp rating of your battery. If it does, you’ll have to use a coil with a higher resistance.
AMPS = VOLTAGE / RESISTANCE
Failing to follow this advice and using a mechanical mod at a level that exceeds the battery’s upper amp limit is known as short circuiting the battery. It has the potential to burn out your battery, damage the mod and even explode. If you accidentally do this your batteries are dangerous and must disposed of safely. Sub ohm vaping on a mechanical mod takes your device close to short circuiting, but keeps the resistance of the coil is just under the upper amp limit. Consequently, you should take extra care if sub ohm vaping on a mechanical mod.
A little awareness of the basics of battery safety can go a long way. Even the most basic mods have the potential for serious trouble if used incorrectly. Only buy battery-related items from respected sellers – those little plastic covered tubes can turn into a pocket-sized bomb if used incorrectly, so don’t buy substandard products. Mods with removable batteries and mechanical mods require a bit more user savvy, and it’s advised that beginners avoid them until they fully understand the fundamentals of how mods and batteries work.
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Mechanical Mods are internally, the most basic device you can get. They have no internal wires or circuit boards. They are composed of a tube that holds your battery, a top cap that makes contact with the positive side of your battery, and a bottom cap that makes contact with the negative side of your battery. Now the bottom cap on most mechanical mods will usually have a locking mechanism. This allows you to keep the mod in a mode where it will not fire your battery when you are not meaning to use it. When locked, inside a mechanical mod, the battery will be able to make contact with the top cap but not the bottom one. When unlocked, you are able to push the button on the bottom of your mech mod and by doing this you are pushing up the negative contact that is on your bottom cap to make contact with the negative side of your battery. This completes the circuit and allows current to be pushed up through your battery and into your coil, to heat it up and vaporize your e-juice.
But hold on, you are probably wondering, “If they are so basic, then why are they meant for advanced users?” Well that is a good question, A+ for you if you thought about that. Mechanical mods have no internal processor to keep your voltage at a set level. So in Layman’s terms your battery will have a voltage output starting at 4.2 volts and then will slowly deplete with use. The lack of a processor means there is no internal protection for over-depleting a battery which can lead to battery failure. This lack of a circuit also means there is no protection if your atomizer has a short. The lack of these two protections can make the mod dangerous to use if you are not educated throughly on battery safety and electricity. Therefore we recommend them for advanced users only.
Pretty much any other e-cig device you see out there that isn’t a mechanical mod is a regulated mod. All this means is that regulated mods have internal circuitry. These types of mods include standard voltage mods, variable voltage mods, variable wattage mods and variable voltage and wattage mods. They do have the appropriate circuitry to protect from, say continually firing a faulty battery and melting it. Your regulated mod will shut down if something is wrong with your connections, which makes them a newbie friendly device. Some of these regulated mods also have a built-in voltage meter and Ohm reader which become very handy as a teaching tool for those getting into the advance e-cigarettes. Regulated mods can get a little more advanced as you get in to variable voltage and wattage devices. If you are using one of these devices, or are thinking of trying one out, just make sure you look up Ohm’s Law and understand the relationship between resistance, current, voltage and wattage.
Dripping is an altogether different type of experience. You have to build your own coils for the atomizer, wick it yourself, and make sure that it’s affixed to a battery that is able to fire the atomizer at the given oHms that your coil is built to. Different styles of coil yield different types of vapor, in both taste and vapor production. Different wicking materials can also have an impact on your flavor and vapor experience. There is no truly “best way” to build a dripping atomizer. As with many aspects of vaping, it mostly comes down to personal preference.
A tank is a heating element using the same basic principals that you would with any attachable heating element on an electronic cigarette. Though you give up the more direct way of vaping, like the increased throat hit and flavor, you gain a more hassle free experience. In addition, since tanks namely clearomizers are more common, there are also more of a variety to choose from.